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Learn Korean – Upper Beginner Level, Unit 3.1: Directly Modifying with Descriptive Verbs

Learn Korean – Upper Beginner Level, Unit 3.1: Directly Modifying with Descriptive Verbs

Download a free PDF lesson for this episode here: UNIT 3.1

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Directly Modifying with ᄇ Irregular Descriptive Verbs

ᄇ irregular are converted a bit differently than other descriptive verbs. Instead of converting ᄇ into 워, it’s converted into 운 to make the direct modifier.

춥다 (to be cold [weather]), 차갑다 (to be cold [touch])

CONJUGATION:
춥다 – 추 – 추운 (a cold [weather])
차갑다 – 차가 – 차가운 (a cold [touch])

Example sentences

많은 사람들은 추운 날씨를 좋아하지 않아요. Many people don’t like cold weather.

 

Directly Modifying with Descriptive Verbs – Special Case I

Anytime the stem of a descriptive verb ends with a ᄅ final consonant, the ᄅ is just changed to a ᄂ.

달다 (to be sweet), 길다 (to be long)

CONJUGATION:
달다 – 달 – 단 (a sweet)
길다 – 길 – 긴 (a long)

Example sentences

저는 초콜릿, 과자 등 단 것을 좋아해요. I like sweets like chocolate, cookies, and so on.

 

Directly Modifying with Descriptive Verbs – Special Case II

Another special case is when the descriptive verb ends with 있다 or 없다. With these types you can simply add 는 to the stem.

맛있다 (to be tasty), 맛없다 (to be tasteless)

CONJUGATION:
맛있다 – 맛있 – 맛있는 (tasty)
맛없다 – 맛없 – 맛없는 (tasteless)

Example sentences

저는 가족과 함께 맛있는 음식을 많이 먹었어요. I ate a lot of delicious food with my family.

저는 맛없는 것부터 먹어요. I eat the bad-tasting ones first.

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Learn Korean – Upper Beginner Level, Unit 3: Directly Modifying with Descriptive Verbs

Learn Korean – Upper Beginner Level, Unit 3: Directly Modifying with Descriptive Verbs

Download a free PDF lesson for this episode here: Unit 3

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When the last syllable of the stem ends in a vowel: add ㄴ

싸다 (to be cheap): 싸다 – 싸 – 싼 (a cheap)
빠르다 (to be fast): 빠르다 – 빠르 – 빠른 (a fast)

Since 하다 stem ends in a vowel: add ㄴ

조용하다 (to be quiet): 조용하다 – 조용하 – 조용한 (a quiet)
착하다 (to be kind): 착하다 – 착하 – 착한 (a kind)

When the last syllable of the stem ends in a consonant: add 은

많다 (to be many): 많다 – 많 – 많은 (many)
작다 (to be small): 작다 – 작 – 작은 (a small)

Upper Beginner Level, Unit 2: Action Verbs Usage (동사 사용법)

Learn Korean – Upper Beginner Level, Unit 2: Action Verbs Usage (동사 사용법)

Download a free PDF lesson for this episode here: Unit 2

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하다 (to do): The thing you are doing is marked with the object particle 을/를.

좋아하다 (to like), 싫어하다 (to dislike): The person, thing, place that you like or dislike is marked with the object particle 을/를.

공부하다 (to study): The thing being studied is marked with 을/를 object particle. The place where you study is marked with the event/activity location particle 에서.

Upper Beginner Level, Unit 1.1: Adjective Usage (형용사 사용법)

Learn Korean – Upper Beginner Level, Unit 1.1: Adjective Usage (형용사 사용법)

Download a free PDF lesson for this episode here: Unit 1.1

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다르다 (To be different), 같다 (To be the same): 다르다 and 같다 are used to compare one or more items. The item being compared is marked with any of the three “AND” conjunctive words such as 와/과, 하고, 랑/이랑.

필요하다 (To need), 필요없다 (To not need): The thing that is needed or not needed is marked with a topic or subject particle.

나쁘다 (To be bad): The item, place, or person that is bad is marked with a topic or subject particle.

Upper Beginner Level, Unit 1: Adjective Usage (형용사 사용법)

Learn Korean – Upper Beginner Level, Unit 1: Adjective Usage (형용사 사용법)

Download a free PDF lesson for this episode here: UNIT 1

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시끄럽다 (To be loud): 시끄럽다 is a ᄇ irregular verb. The item, place, or person that is loud is marked with a topic or subject particle.

조용하다 (To be quiet): 조용하다 is a 하다 verb. The item, place, or person that is quiet is marked with a topic or subject particle.

길다 (To be long), 짧다 (To be short) The item that is long or short is marked with the subject particle 이/가 or topic particle 은/는. 짧다 ends with a ᄇ but it is not ᄇ irregular verb. 짧다 is not for height.

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