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Learn Korean – Upper Beginner Level, Unit 3.1: Directly Modifying with Descriptive Verbs

Learn Korean – Upper Beginner Level, Unit 3.1: Directly Modifying with Descriptive Verbs

Download a free PDF lesson for this episode here: UNIT 3.1

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Directly Modifying with ᄇ Irregular Descriptive Verbs

ᄇ irregular are converted a bit differently than other descriptive verbs. Instead of converting ᄇ into 워, it’s converted into 운 to make the direct modifier.

춥다 (to be cold [weather]), 차갑다 (to be cold [touch])

CONJUGATION:
춥다 – 추 – 추운 (a cold [weather])
차갑다 – 차가 – 차가운 (a cold [touch])

Example sentences

많은 사람들은 추운 날씨를 좋아하지 않아요. Many people don’t like cold weather.

 

Directly Modifying with Descriptive Verbs – Special Case I

Anytime the stem of a descriptive verb ends with a ᄅ final consonant, the ᄅ is just changed to a ᄂ.

달다 (to be sweet), 길다 (to be long)

CONJUGATION:
달다 – 달 – 단 (a sweet)
길다 – 길 – 긴 (a long)

Example sentences

저는 초콜릿, 과자 등 단 것을 좋아해요. I like sweets like chocolate, cookies, and so on.

 

Directly Modifying with Descriptive Verbs – Special Case II

Another special case is when the descriptive verb ends with 있다 or 없다. With these types you can simply add 는 to the stem.

맛있다 (to be tasty), 맛없다 (to be tasteless)

CONJUGATION:
맛있다 – 맛있 – 맛있는 (tasty)
맛없다 – 맛없 – 맛없는 (tasteless)

Example sentences

저는 가족과 함께 맛있는 음식을 많이 먹었어요. I ate a lot of delicious food with my family.

저는 맛없는 것부터 먹어요. I eat the bad-tasting ones first.

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Learn Korean – Upper Beginner Level, Unit 3: Directly Modifying with Descriptive Verbs

Learn Korean – Upper Beginner Level, Unit 3: Directly Modifying with Descriptive Verbs

Download a free PDF lesson for this episode here: Unit 3

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When the last syllable of the stem ends in a vowel: add ㄴ

싸다 (to be cheap): 싸다 – 싸 – 싼 (a cheap)
빠르다 (to be fast): 빠르다 – 빠르 – 빠른 (a fast)

Since 하다 stem ends in a vowel: add ㄴ

조용하다 (to be quiet): 조용하다 – 조용하 – 조용한 (a quiet)
착하다 (to be kind): 착하다 – 착하 – 착한 (a kind)

When the last syllable of the stem ends in a consonant: add 은

많다 (to be many): 많다 – 많 – 많은 (many)
작다 (to be small): 작다 – 작 – 작은 (a small)

Upper Beginner Level, Unit 2: Action Verbs Usage (동사 사용법)

Learn Korean – Upper Beginner Level, Unit 2: Action Verbs Usage (동사 사용법)

Download a free PDF lesson for this episode here: Unit 2

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하다 (to do): The thing you are doing is marked with the object particle 을/를.

좋아하다 (to like), 싫어하다 (to dislike): The person, thing, place that you like or dislike is marked with the object particle 을/를.

공부하다 (to study): The thing being studied is marked with 을/를 object particle. The place where you study is marked with the event/activity location particle 에서.

Upper Beginner Level, Unit 1.1: Adjective Usage (형용사 사용법)

Learn Korean – Upper Beginner Level, Unit 1.1: Adjective Usage (형용사 사용법)

Download a free PDF lesson for this episode here: Unit 1.1

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다르다 (To be different), 같다 (To be the same): 다르다 and 같다 are used to compare one or more items. The item being compared is marked with any of the three “AND” conjunctive words such as 와/과, 하고, 랑/이랑.

필요하다 (To need), 필요없다 (To not need): The thing that is needed or not needed is marked with a topic or subject particle.

나쁘다 (To be bad): The item, place, or person that is bad is marked with a topic or subject particle.

Upper Beginner Level, Unit 1: Adjective Usage (형용사 사용법)

Learn Korean – Upper Beginner Level, Unit 1: Adjective Usage (형용사 사용법)

Download a free PDF lesson for this episode here: UNIT 1

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시끄럽다 (To be loud): 시끄럽다 is a ᄇ irregular verb. The item, place, or person that is loud is marked with a topic or subject particle.

조용하다 (To be quiet): 조용하다 is a 하다 verb. The item, place, or person that is quiet is marked with a topic or subject particle.

길다 (To be long), 짧다 (To be short) The item that is long or short is marked with the subject particle 이/가 or topic particle 은/는. 짧다 ends with a ᄇ but it is not ᄇ irregular verb. 짧다 is not for height.

Korean Everyday Conversation: 다 와 가 (I am almost there)

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Korean Everyday Conversation (일상회화)

다 와 가 (I am almost there)

다 와 가 is used when we say that we almost arrived at the appointed place to the person who we are supposed to meet.  We normally use 가다 when we are moving towards the target place instead of 오다 which is used when someone is moving towards the speaker.  For example, if we are at school, we say 학교에 와 (come to school) or 집에 가 (go home) to the listener.  On the contrary, if we are home, we say 학교에 가 (go to school) or 집에 와 (come home).  However, you have to pay attention to the fact that we say 다 와 가 by using 오다  even though the speaker is moving towards the listener.

 

[Everyday Korean SLANG!] HOW TO SAY “I’m out., Be careful!, Goodbye.” IN KOREAN LANGUAGE.

[Everyday Korean SLANG!]
HOW TO SAY “I’m out., Be careful!, Goodbye.” IN KOREAN LANGUAGE

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[Everyday Korean SLANG!] HOW TO SAY “It’s been a while., You’re still alive?, See ya!, Later!” IN KOREAN LANGUAGE.

[Everyday Korean SLANG!]
HOW TO SAY “It’s been a while., You’re still alive?, See ya!, Later!” IN KOREAN LANGUAGE.

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[Everyday Korean SLANG!] HOW TO SAY “How ya been?, Good!, So-so., Sucky.” IN KOREAN LANGUAGE.

[Everyday Korean SLANG!]
HOW TO SAY “How ya been?, Good!, So-so., Sucky.” IN KOREAN LANGUAGE.

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